What is « Society »?
This section’s articles
The idea of “society” is a modern one. Its development has accompanied the emergence of bourgeois polities characterized by representative democracy and social-class stratification. Although the origins of the term “society” can be traced back to the sixteenth century and even to its Greek and (...)
The idea of “society” emerged as a central conception in the modern worldview as part of the great convulsions of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. During the bourgeois revolutions in England and France, it was necessary for opponents of the feudal system to offer a vision of the totality (...)
Marx benefited from a long intellectual interrogation beginning in the seventeenth century, but his concept of society nevertheless immediately provoked keen opposition. Most disturbing was the idea that society — this integrating entity – was only relatively cohesive. Because capitalist society (...)
Although many sociologists believe it is possible to synthesize the opposed premises of Marx and Durkheim, it nevertheless seems correct to say that two ideas of society — that based upon Marx’s work and that drawing its inspiration from Durkheim — have dominated social thought for the past (...)